Testosterone Replacement Therapy: Benefits and Side Effects

The benefits of testosterone replacement therapy for men are evident. One can notice improvement in sexual function, body mass, blood lipids, and bone density in men who underwent the treatment. Other potential benefits of this treatment including reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes are still being further studied. You may ask your doctor to discuss with you the benefits of the therapy for you.


Here are some of the benefits of the treatment:

Health well-being and overall quality of life

With the testosterone replacement therapy, the signs and symptoms of low testosterone are reduced or even eliminated. This means that you can expect improvement in libido, sexual, physical and mental health and mood.


Body composition

Another noticeable benefit of the therapy is increase in lean body mass and strength, and it decreases body fat, making a healthier you.


Cardiovascular risk

Some studies provide evidences, showing that the treatment is safe when it comes to cardiovascular health. Furthermore, testosterone replacement therapy for men does not cause any cardiovascular side effects. In fact, some evidences from studies show that the treatment is in fact beneficial for those with cardiovascular disease.



Men with diabetes and/or metabolic syndrome can also benefit from the treatment. Further researches are still ongoing about whether diabetes is a cause of low testosterone or the result of the condition.



Low testosterone can lead to problems with the bones including osteoporosis or the thinning of the bones. Moreover, low testosterone can also be a result of hip fractures among men. Patients with this type of conditions and illnesses can benefit from testosterone replacement because the treatment can help increase bone density.


Possible side effects of the treatment:

Side effects are not common and are not something serious as long as the levels of testosterone in the body are in the normal range. Side effects can vary from one person to another. The most common side effects of the treatment include skin reactions, painful erections, mood swings, blood thickening, liver problems, sleep apnea, fluid retention, and gynaecomastia.

The skin reactions can be spots on the back or the chest, which may appear during the first stage of the treatment and will usually decrease naturally. If you will experience painful erections, your doctor may reduce your dosage or may even discontinue the treatment. Blood thickening is a result of the overproduction of the red blood cells.

Liver problems are common with oral testosterone treatment. Sleep apnea is usually associated with obesity or chronic obstructive lung disease. Fluid retention is usually a side effect of high dosage testosterone or extended testosterone replacement. Gynaecomastia is also known as the enlargement of the male breasts, which can be observed during the beginning of the treatment, but will eventually reduce as the treatment continues.

While these side effects can sound scary, testosterone replacement therapy for men is absolutely safe and it is most likely that you will never experience these side effects. However, if you do, and if they bother you so much, then don’t hesitate to consult your doctor right away.